DOP Yecla Logo
Yecla, once a farming town and today a furniture-making centre, is surrounded by nearly 8,325 hectares of vineyards. Of these, three quarters are classified for making DO wines. Designation of Origin is made only with the lands of the municipality of Yecla, northeast of the Region of Murcia, in southeastern Spain.
In 1975 the Ministry of Agriculture awarded the PDO to this earth and adopted its first regulation. It is from this moment when a quiet, slow revolution, pioneered by small private wineries and cooperatives here in the mid-1980s , has allowed the area to start producing red wines made with temperature-controlled stainless steel equipment. Thanks to this special effort, those fortified wines of the past have now become much more balanced, and have gained enormously in aromatic complexity.
The low yields give concentrated wines with great potential. The number of vineyards registered with the Regulatory Council is steadily increasing, a clear indication of local producers’ interest in quality. Some wines have already won their place among the most prestigious in the Spanish winemaking world, and one of Spain's largest cooperatives is located here.
Although there are no subzones, the Campo Arriba district is outstanding for producing grapes with a higher extract than other DO areas.
Yecla uses a wide variety of wine styles, although mainly produces red wines, which are based on the variety Monastrell alone or with other approved varieties, specific varietal Syrah, Merlot, Petit Verdot are also produced is obtained.
Protected Designation of Origin Yecla is a dynamic appellation, with great export potential, since about 95% of its production is sold outside Spain, is present in over 40 countries worldwide.
|CRDO address:||Francisco Antonio Jimenez, s/n. Poligono Urbeyecla II|
|Last Regulation Update||2012|
|Telephone||+34 968 792 352/968 +34 968 435 412|
|Fax||+34 968 792 352|
|Subzones||Campo Arriba, Campo Abajo|
|Area under vine||6,420 ha|
|Altitude of vineyards||535-800 m|
|Soil types||Limestone, with deep grounds and good permeability|
|Principal grapes (w)||Macabeo, Airén, Merseguera, Malvasía, Chardonnay, Moscatel de Grano Menudo, Sauvignon Blanc and Verdejo|
|Principal grapes (r)||Monastrell, Tempranillo, Cabernet Sauvignon, Syrah, Merlot, Garnacha Tinta, Garnacha Tintorera and Petit Verdot|
|Organic viticulture||2,977 ha|
|Max. summer temp.||40ºC|
|Min. Winter temp.||-6ºC|
|Average rainfall||250-300 mm annually|
|Average sunshine||3,385 horas annually|
|Maximum crop||Red grape:4.000 in dry farming and 7.000 in irrigated kg/ha. White grape:4.500 in dry farming and 9.000 inirrigated kg/ha.|
|Equivalent hl/ha||Red grape: 28 hl/ha in dry farming and 49 hl/ha in irrigated. White grape 31,5 hl/ha in dry farming and 63 hl/ha in irrigated.|
|Production 2011 (hl)||71,003.72|
|Production 2012 (hl)||61,682.54|
|Production 2013 (hl)||71,790.60|
|Production 2014 (hl)||63,841.35|
|Production 2015 (hl)||66,004.41|
|Wine alcohol content:|
|Other||Sparkling: 11,5% abv. Liquor15% abv.|
|Ageing in oak:|
|Crianza||Red wines with an aging period of at least 24 months, from which 6 months at least being in oak barrels and having a maximum capacity of 330 liters. Regarding white and rosé wines, the minimum aging period is 18 months, from which six at least will be in oak barrels keeping the same maximum capacity|
|Reserva||Red wines with an aging period of at least 36 months, from which 12 months at least in oak barrels with a maximum capacity of 330 liters, and in bottle the rest of this period. Regarding white and rosé wines the minimum aging period is 24 months, from which six at least will be in oak barrels keeping the maximum capacity, and in bottle the rest of this period.|
|Gran Reserva||Red wines with an aging period of at least 60 months, from which 18 months at least being in oak barrels having a maximum capacity of 330 liters, and in the bottle the rest of the same period. Regarding white and rosé wines, the minimum aging period is 48 months, from which six at least will be in oak barrels keeping the maximum capacity, and in bottle the rest of this period.|
|Number of Wineries||7|
|Total exports - 2011||58,334.50 hl|
|Total exports - 2012||62,089.00 hl|
|Total exports - 2013||60,291.23 hl|
|Total exports - 2014||60,452.00 hl|
|Total exports - 2015||Not Available|
Last update: september 2016
Vines are planted in a rectangular pattern with density varying from 1,100 to 3,200 plants per hectare. Monastrell is the most widely planted variety alongside other native grapes such as Garnacha, Tempranillo, Merseguera, Macabeo and Airén.
More than 40 per cent of the vineyards are organically grown and the harvest in the DO generally begins on September 20th.
The growing area, which falls entirely within Yecla municipality, is surrounded on all sides by other DOs.
A transition area between the meseta and the Mediterranean plain, Yecla DO is ringed by low mountains and rolling sierras, with vineyards planted at altitudes between 535 and 800 metres above sea level. The town of Yecla itself rises on a small peak in the centre of the area. The glacis are the way most typical and emblematic relief of the region. The main feature of the land is the character endorheic valleys.
The soil is good: limestone bedrock, a thick brown subsoil with degraded carbonates and a light, sandy topsoil with scattered clay formations. It is low in organic content but quite healthy, deep and it is suitably permeable.
Yecla’s climate is continental Mediterranean, with very hot summers (maximum temperatures of 38-39ºC) and mild winters. Frost and hail sometimes cause problems, and high winds are rare occurrences. Rainfall is more abundant in spring and autumn, frequently appearing in the form of heavy downpours.