For the winemaking industry, there will always be plenty of work to be done in the fields, but times are changing and so are strategies at wineries around the world. One example is precision viticulture, a method to optimize vineyard performance. This is done by looking at factors that impact grapes, such as vine health and topography, and implementing certain practices, like irrigation and trellis design, with a view to improving the grape yield and quality. This strategy uses new technologies, such as geographic information systems and airborne remote sensing.
Spain is a major winemaking powerhouse, home to around 4,300 wineries with a combined area of almost 1 million hectares. And many bodegas are using this technology to offer a better product to consumers. Pago de Carraovejas, in Valladolid, is using it to focus on sustainability and the collection of specific information adapted to the land. In fact, they have 15 meteorological stations that provide data every minute about humidity, temperature and precipitation. Another example is Bodega Emilio Moro, also in Valladolid. This company started to geolocalize its plots to fertilize each one land accordingly years ago, and today uses drones and is looking into a new project to manage its vineyards using a network of sensors using artificial intelligence.